Planting Bamboo: For the most part Bamboo is a tolerant plant as long as it gets water, food and a place to grow.
New plantings should be watered daily for the first couple of weeks and after that when they dry out. Bamboo will take lots of water but will not tolerate wet, soggy roots; so good drainage is important. Bamboo will tolerate a wide variety of soils but prefers a slightly acidic soil around a ph of 6.
When planting dig a hole twice as wide and just a little deeper than the pot. Water well and fertilize with a Palm fertilizer to start and a slightly higher nitrogen fertilizer once or twice during the growing season.
Bamboo Pests: There are a few things that can bother your bamboo and vigilance is the best way to deal with it. The upside is most pests won't kill your bamboo but, they can make it much less attractive. Most remedies can be purchased at your local garden center.
Mites: Yellow checkering on otherwise green leaves can be a sign of mites. These things are really tiny. Treat with Bayer Mite control. this product comes with a hose end sprayer.
Mealybugs: White and fluffy sap suckers. They also create a honeydew which is very attractive to ants. Get rid of the ants. Mealybugs are soft bodied and easy to kill, an insecticidal soap will do the trick.
Scale: The scale that affects bamboo is usually characterized as an armored scale. It is gray and waxy. It can removed by pressure washing or hand washing and can be treated with Neem oil.
Cold Pressed Neem Oil: Neem oil will work to kill any of these pests as a systemic root drench or topical spray. BE AWARE Neem oil can burn your plants if not used properly read the directions, do research and use only cold pressed neem oil as it has systemic properties.